Underscore Records Pvt. Ltd. came into being in 2003 with a specific mission, namely, to empower artistes playing Indian music to own and share their music globally even if support for the same is not forthcoming from conventional sources. Underscore Records is an exclusive music label and website that specializes in music from India . It contains an online music store where you can source and buy various genres of Indian music presented by different artistes. Other specialty items available on the site are books and papers on music related subjects.

All copyrights for the music on the site rest in most cases with the musicians who made and recorded it, and hence revenues generated from sales also go almost entirely to the artistes.

Shubha Mudgal: Director, Underscore Records Pvt Ltd

Popular vocalist Shubha Mudgal is also one of the founders and Directors of Underscore Records Pvt Ltd. In addition to being a well known performer, Mudgal has a keen interest in internet technology and its possible use for promoting Indian music. For more details click here.


Aneesh Pradhan, Director, Underscore Records

Well known tabla player and composer Aneesh Pradhan is also one of the two founders and Directors of Underscore Records Pvt Ltd. Aneesh Pradhan has earned respect as a scholar and is involved with many projects related to music eductaion. For more details click here.


 Carl Abraham, Web Development and Programming 

Carl Abraham has programmed and designed the current website for Underscore Records Pvt Ltd, and is also involved with several other online projects related to Indian music. An accomplished bass guitar player, Carl Abraham is a member of the popular Delhi based band Half Step Down.



 Pooja Vazirani

Pooja Vazirani is a student of Hindustani classical music, a Sindhi folk singer and a freelance anchor.



Underscore Records is driven by the belief that a major part of music making in India remains unheard, untapped, unrecorded and unpublished. Several streams of music that coexist in the musically vibrant Indian society are not sufficiently represented in prevailing forms of dissemination, and many musicians continue to work silently despite the severe lack of proper and sustained patronage and recognition. Underscore Records believes that there is an urgent need for creating space for all forms of music, and for musicians to empower themselves in order to find a voice of sanity in an irksome market situation.

In a bid to achieve its goals, Underscore Records performs the roles of producer, manufacturer and/or distributor. It strives to bring to its listeners quality music with excellent production values that you may not easily find on the shelves of a music store. In most cases musicians featured on the Underscore label retain their copyright over their music, thus empowering themselves as an artistic community.

Extending its role further, Underscore also makes available other music related material in the nature of books, papers, essays, articles, and photographs.

We aim at providing music from a variety of genres such as art/classical, folk and cross-cultural collaborative music, among others.

You will find audio and video recordings of both vocal and instrumental music, as well as lecture demonstrations and other educational material on music. Some of these recordings are archival or are made on location, all of which adds to the exclusivity of the music. Many of these would be considered prized possessions by collectors and music connoisseurs.

Books on music are also available on the site along with individual papers and essays. Some of these will be available in pdf format on CDs, but we also make them available in print.

Some Indian photographers have exquisite collections of their photographs of Indian performers and musicians. The site will make them available for your viewing pleasure as well as for sale.

Underscore Records also believes in updating musicians, researches, students and music lovers, with information related to many areas of music making in India . This information can be accessed in the Resources section of the site.



Welcome to www.UnderscoreRecords.com , a website provided by Underscore Records Pvt. Ltd. (hereinafter also referred to as UNDERSCORE RECORDS ) The following terms and conditions and any other policies, rules, or guidelines posted by UNDERSCORE RECORDS PVT LTD on this site govern your use of this site.


Please read these Terms and Conditions carefully before using this site or purchasing any of the products or using any of the services available on or through it.

These Terms and Conditions may be changed in the future without notice to you so please check back from time to time.

Your continued use of this site after such changes constitutes your acceptance of the new Terms and Conditions.

  1. Your Use of this Site

    UNDERSCORE RECORDS PVT LTD grants you a limited license to access and make personal use of this site and not to download (other than page caching) or modify it, or any portion of it, except with express written consent of UNDERSCORE RECORDS. This license does not include any resale or commercial use of this site or its contents; any collection and use of any product listings, descriptions, or prices; any derivative use of this Site or its contents; any downloading or copying of account information for the benefit of another merchant; or any use of data mining, robots, or similar data gathering and extraction tools without express written consent of UNDERSCORE RECORDS. This Site or any portion of this Site may not be reproduced, duplicated, copied, sold, resold, visited, or otherwise exploited for any commercial purpose without express written consent of UNDERSCORE RECORDS. You may not frame or utilize framing techniques to enclose any trademark, logo, or other proprietary information (including images, text, page layout, or form) of UNDERSCORE RECORDS without express written consent. You may not use any meta tags or any other "hidden text" utilizing UNDERSCORE RECORDS's name or trademarks without the express written consent of UNDERSCORE RECORDS. Any unauthorized use terminates the permission or license granted by UNDERSCORE RECORDS. You are granted a limited, revocable, and nonexclusive right to create a hyperlink to the home page of UNDERSCORE RECORDS so long as the link does not portray UNDERSCORE RECORDS or its products or services in a false, misleading, derogatory, or otherwise offensive matter. You may not use any UNDERSCORE RECORDS logo or other proprietary graphic or trademark as part of the link without express written permission.
  2. Proprietary Rights

    All content included on this Site, such as text, graphics, logos, button icons, images, audio clips, data compilations, and software ("Content"), is the property of UNDERSCORE RECORDS or our suppliers, sponsors, licensors or affiliates (collectively, "Business Partners"), and is protected by International copyright law, trademark law, and trade secret law. We own a copyright in this Site as a collective work and/or compilation and in the selection, coordination and arrangement of the Content. Except as expressly provided in these Terms and Conditions, neither we nor our Business Partners grant any rights to you under any patents, copyrights, trademarks or trade secret information. You understand that by using the Site, you may be exposed to Content that is offensive, indecent or objectionable to you. Under no circumstances will UNDERSCORE RECORDS be liable in any way for any Content, including, but not limited to, for any errors or omissions in any Content, or for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as a result of the use of any Content made available via the Site. You agree that you must evaluate, and bear all risks associated with, the use of any Content, including any reliance on the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of such Content.
  3. Account Maintenance and Responsibility

    If you wish to purchase any products or use the services on this Site, you must register with us and/or provide the required information to us. By entering any information on this Site, you represent and warrant that: (i) you are using your actual identity; (ii) you have provided only true, accurate, current and complete information; and (iii) you will maintain and promptly update the information that you provide to keep it true, accurate, current and complete. You are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your account and its password, as well as for all activities that occur under your password or account. UNDERSCORE RECORDS cannot and will not be liable for any loss or damage arising from your failure to comply with these obligations. If you wish to cancel a username or password, or if you become aware of any loss, theft or unauthorized use of a username or password, please notify us immediately. We reserve the right to delete or change any username or password at any time and for any reason.
  4. Termination

    You or we may suspend or terminate your account or your use of this Site at any time, for any reason or for no reason at all. You are personally liable for any orders that you place or charges that you incur prior to termination. We reserve the right to change, suspend, or discontinue all or any aspects of this Site at any time without prior notice.
  5. Product Orders

    PRICES AND AVAILABILITY OF THE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES LISTED ON THIS SITE ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE . The listing, description of, or reference to, a product or service on this Site does not imply that the product or service is presently available or that we endorse that product or service. In the event a product or service is listed at an incorrect price due to a typographical error or error in pricing information received from a supplier, we shall have the right to refuse or cancel any order placed for such product or service at the incorrect price, even if the order has been confirmed and/or your credit card has been charged. If your credit card has already been charged for the purchase and your order is canceled, we shall promptly issue a credit to your credit card account in the amount of the incorrect price.
  6. Order Acceptance

    Your receipt of an electronic or other form of order confirmation does not signify our acceptance of your order, nor does it constitute confirmation of our offer to sell. We reserve the right at any time after receipt of your order to accept or decline your order for any reason or for no reason at all.
  7. Restrictions

    Not all products and services listed on this Site may be available for sale or delivery in every area. All orders of products or services are subject to prevailing law, including, as appropriate, export and import regulations and boycotting restrictions, if any, imposed by governing bodies having jurisdiction over such orders, products or services.
  8. You agree not to use the Site to:

    1. upload, post, email, transmit or otherwise make available any User Content that is unlawful, harmful, threatening, abusive, harassing, tortuous, defamatory, vulgar, obscene, libelous, invasive of another's privacy, hateful, or racially, religiously, ethnically or otherwise objectionable;
    2. impersonate any person or entity, including, but not limited to, an UNDERSCORE RECORDS representative, forum leader, guide or host, or falsely state or otherwise misrepresent your affiliation with a person or entity;
    3. forge headers or otherwise manipulate identifiers in order to disguise the origin of any Content transmitted through the Site;
    4. upload, post, email, transmit or otherwise make available any Content that you do not have a right to make available under any law or under contractual or fiduciary relationships (such as inside information, proprietary and confidential information learned or disclosed as part of employment relationships or under nondisclosure agreements);
    5. upload, post, email, transmit or otherwise make available any Content that infringes any patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright or other proprietary rights ("Rights") of any party;
    6. upload, post, email, transmit or otherwise make available any unsolicited or unauthorized advertising, promotional materials, "junk mail," "spam," "chain letters," "pyramid schemes," or any other form of solicitation;
    7. upload, post, email, transmit or otherwise make available any material that contains software viruses or any other computer code, files or programs designed to interrupt, destroy or limit the functionality of any computer software or hardware or telecommunications equipment;
    8. interfere with or disrupt the Site or servers or networks connected to the Site, or disobey any requirements, procedures, policies or regulations of networks connected to the Site;
    9. intentionally or unintentionally violate any applicable local, state, national or international law;
    10. collect or store personal data about other users.

      You acknowledge that UNDERSCORE RECORDS does not pre-screen User Content, but that UNDERSCORE RECORDS and its designees shall have the right (but not the obligation) in their sole discretion to refuse or remove any User Content that is available via the Site. Without limiting the foregoing, UNDERSCORE RECORDS and its designees shall have the right to remove any User Content that violates these Terms and Conditions or is otherwise objectionable. You agree that you must evaluate, and bear all risks associated with, the use of any User Content, including any reliance on the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of such User Content.
  9. Submissions

    We welcome feedback, suggestions and ideas about this Site and our services and how to improve them. However, all User Content, feedback, suggestions, ideas, concepts, comments, illustrations, Site postings and other materials that you disclose or offer to us on or in connection with this Site ("Submissions") are submitted without any restrictions or expectation of confidentiality. You agree that we shall exclusively own, and you hereby assign to us without compensation or further obligation, all rights now known or hereafter existing to the Submissions of every kind and nature throughout the universe. You further agree that we shall be entitled to unrestricted use of the Submissions for any purpose whatsoever, commercial or otherwise, without compensation to you, including the right to use, reproduce, publish, transmit, publicly perform or display, translate, create derivative works from, or otherwise communicate to the public the Submissions on the Site or elsewhere. You shall not assert any proprietary right or moral right of any kind with respect to any Submissions.
  10. Advertisements

    We, in our sole discretion, may post the advertisements or other materials of third parties on this Site. Your correspondence or any other transaction with advertisers found on this Site is solely between you and such advertisers. You agree that we shall not be responsible for any loss or damage of any sort incurred as a result of any such dealings or as a result of the presence of such advertisements on this Site. Moreover, we shall not be responsible or liable for the statements or conduct of any such advertisers on this Site.
  11. Links

    We make no claims or representations regarding the quality, content, nature or reliability of sites accessible by hyperlink from this Site or sites linking to this Site, and we accept no responsibility in connection therewith. Any linked sites are not under our control, and we are not responsible for the content of any linked site or any link contained in a linked site, or for any review, changes or updates to any such sites. Any linked sites are provided to you only as a convenience. The inclusion of any link does not imply affiliation, endorsement or adoption by us of the linked site or any information contained therein. When leaving this Site, you should be aware that our terms and policies may no longer govern, and, therefore, you should review the applicable terms, conditions and policies, including privacy and data-gathering practices, of each linked site.
  12. Intellectual Property Infringement Complaints

    It is UNDERSCORE RECORDS's strict policy to respect the intellectual property rights of others. If you believe that your intellectual property has been infringed upon, please provide us with the following information:
    1. a description of the intellectual property that you claim has been infringed as well as an explanation as to why you believe in good faith that the disputed use is not authorized by the intellectual property owner, its agent, or the law;
    2. the location on the Site of the material that you claim is infringing;
    3. your address, telephone number, and email address;
    4. a statement signed by you, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information in your notice is accurate and that you are the intellectual property owner or authorized to act on the intellectual property owner's behalf.


    You expressly agree that use of this site is at your sole risk. This site, and any content available on this site, are provided on an "as-is" and "as available" basis. Neither we nor any of our business partners represent or warrant that this site will be uninterrupted or error-free, that defects, if any, will be corrected, or that this site is free of viruses or other harmful components; nor do we or they make any representations or warranties about the accuracy, reliability, currency, quality, performance or suitability of this site or any content available on this site. Product comparisons do not imply that all products compared are available, or in the case of functional equivalency, that performance or other characteristics are exactly comparable.

    To the fullest extent permissible by applicable law, we and each of our business partners disclaim all warranties of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of title, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement, with respect to this site or any content available on this site.

    All products and services purchased on or through this site are subject only to any applicable warranties of their respective manufacturers, distributors and suppliers. To the fullest extent permissible by applicable law, we disclaim all warranties of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to products and services listed or purchased on or through this site.

    We disclaim any and all liability for product defect or failure, claims that are due to normal wear, product misuse, abuse, product modification, improper product selection, non-compliance with any codes, or misapplication. We make no warranties to those defined as "consumers" in the magnuson-moss warranty-federal trade commission improvements act.

    in the event of any problem with this site or any content, you agree that your sole remedy is to cease using this site. Under no circumstances shall we or any of our business partners, or any of our or their respective officers, directors, shareholders, employees, agents or representatives, or any other party involved in creating, producing, transmitting or distributing this site or any part thereof, be liable for any punitive, exemplary, consequential, incidental, indirect or special damages arising from or in connection with this site or any content, products or services made available or listed on it, whether under a theory of breach of contract, negligence, strict liability or otherwise, even if such party has been advised of the possibility of such damages.
  15. Indemnification

    You agree to indemnify and hold us harmless from any claim, action, demand, loss or damages (including attorneys' fees) arising out of or related to your use of this Site, any purchases you make on or through this Site, Content you post or transmit on this Site, any violation of these Terms and Conditions by you, or any violation of any rights of any person or entity by you.
  16. Choice of Law; Venue

    Any dispute or difference between the parties hereto shall be settled by arbitration that will be subject to / governed by The Arbitration & Conciliation Act, 1996 and all the provisions of that Act so far as applicable or of any act of legislature for the time being in force and passed any modification thereof or any substitution thereof shall apply to every reference hereunder. The Arbitrator shall be appointed or nominated by UNDERSCORE RECORDS . The language of the arbitration shall be English and the venue of arbitration shall be Mumbai, India. The Arbitrator shall have power to give interim directions and orders and also publish interim awards and award interests and costs. The courts at Mumbai shall have exclusive jurisdiction in respect of any matter concerning arbitration of disputes under this agreement.
  17. Miscellaneous

    These Terms and Conditions and any other policies, rules or guidelines posted by UNDERSCORE RECORDS on this Site and incorporated herein by reference constitute the sole agreement between you and us relating to your use of this Site and the subject matter hereof, and no representations, statements or inducements, oral or written, not contained in these Terms and Conditions shall bind either of us. Any of these Terms and Conditions which are determined to be invalid or unenforceable in any jurisdiction shall be ineffective to the extent of such invalidity or unenforceability in such jurisdiction, without rendering invalid or unenforceable any of the remaining Terms and Conditions or affecting the validity or enforceability of these Terms and Conditions in any other jurisdiction. No waiver by us of any right under these Terms and Conditions will be deemed to be either a waiver of any other right or provision or a waiver of that same right or provision at any other time. You may not assign, transfer or delegate your rights or obligations hereunder, in whole or in part, without our prior written consent. These Terms and Conditions shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of each of us and our respective successors and permitted assigns.

    Any action or claim against us must be brought within one year following the date on which the claim first accrued or shall be deemed forever waived. We reserve all rights not expressly granted herein.

    A printed version of these Terms and Conditions and of any related notice given in electronic form shall be admissible in judicial or administrative proceedings based upon or relating to these Terms and Conditions to the same extent and subject to the same conditions as other business documents and records originally generated and maintained in printed form.
  18. Returns Policy:

    All our shipping are done from a manufacturing facility in India and CDs are sent in specially designed boxes to avoid any transit damages. UNDERSCORE RECORDS should not be held liable for any damages to the CD cases etc. occurring at the courier's end. Also any complaints regarding replacement due to manufacturing defects will be attended only after the receipt of the original CD.

    Some of the albums distributed on www.UnderscoreRecords.com are recorded on recordable CDs (CD-Rs) and hence may not play on some systems . In case you intend using the CDs bought on UNDERSCORE RECORDS.com on audio / DVD player, it is advisable to check with your audio/ DVD player manufacturer about CD-R compatibility before placing an order. Returns related to this issue will not be accepted.
  19. Shipping and Delivery:

    UNDERSCORE RECORDS is always working to improve the quality and cost of shipping for both our Indian and international customers. For this reason, shipping rates and policies are subject to change without notice. The standard shipping time is 12 working days from the date of payment clearance. Though it may get delayed due to unforeseen circumstances, which may not be under our control. UNDERSCORE RECORDS does not guarantee any fixed delivery times once it is dispatched from our Premises.
  20. Pricing:

    The price of each Customised CD excludes the shipping and handling charges, which depends on the order size and the shipping location and will appear in your payment stage of the order confirmation. UNDERSCORE RECORDS is not responsible for Credit Card Companies charging anything extra for service charges etc. We would request you to check with your Credit Card Company for details regarding International transactions.

    Also the CD Price includes the sales tax and central excise and customs tax as per the Government of India regulations. UNDERSCORE RECORDS will not be responsible for any local taxes/duties levied by the country of your residence for our shipments.
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Underscore Records Pvt Ltd would like to thank the following:

All the musicians, indie labels, producers, authors, designers and film makers who have joined hands with us,

The Ford Foundation for its generous support and backing,

Mrs and Mr M.K. Modi who have supported Underscore Records from its inception in 2003.


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